A world where oaths and obligations, vows and promises and established expectations and customs provide the only stability possible.
Loyalty to others and fulfilling one's oaths are the most important values in a feudal society.
Feudalism arose at a time when central governments were weak or nonexistent in Europe, and kings used the system to exert control over their subjects and secure military strength throughout their lands. Power does not reside at a center, or at the top, even though there a pyramidal structure in theory, with the emperor at the top and the simple knight at the bottom.
Humorous "stream of consciousness" commentary by Einhard.
Timelines, maps, story behind the "Song of Roland." Here Quote Page!
: "A monastic military order formed at the end of the First Crusade to protect pilgrims traveling on route from Europe to the recently captured city of Jerusalem. Within two centuries they had become powerful enough to defy all but the Papal throne. He conquered much of western Europe and united it under a great empire.
Within a couple of decades the group became an order with the backing of both the Pope and the collective European monarchies. Feared as warriors, respected for their piety and sought out for their wealth, there is no doubt that the Knights Templar were the key players of the monastic fighting orders. " "Coronation of Charlemagne as emperor goes beyond the conflict between Church and state. Carolingian empire began when rivals were engaged elsewhere.
A vassal could also be a lord, granting portions of the land he held to other free vassals; this was known as "subinfeudation," and often led all the way up to the king.
The land granted to each vassal was inhabited by serfs who worked the land for him, providing him with income to support his military endeavors; in turn, the vassal would protect the serfs from attack and invasion.
Carolingian Decline and Division of the Empire to Louis the Pious.
"He was so moderate in the use of wine and all sorts of drink that he rarely allowed himself more than three cups in the course of a meal.
The Common definition."Feudalism was the dominant form of political organization in medieval Europe.
It was a hierarchical system of social relationships wherein a noble lord granted land known as a fief to a free man, who in turn swore fealty to the lord as his vassal and agreed to provide military and other services.
Because of its unique position as the medieval continuation of the Roman State, it has tended to be dismissed by classicists and ignored by Western medievalists.