The term obertas appeared for the first time in 1679, in a book by Korczynski, Lanczafty.
'may be omitted' or 'optional'also known as obertas (common in the nineteenth century), or ober (the name used less frequently), is - in its stage versions performed by Polish folk dance ensembles - the most vivacious and acrobatic of the so-called five national dances (with polonaise, mazur, kujawiak, krakowiak).
The oberek originated in the villages of Mazowsze in central Poland; it is danced by couples to instrumental music in triple meter.
The oboe's name in French is 'hautbois' (literally 'principal wood'), very appropriate since the contemporary woodwind section of the western orchestra was developed around this instrument.
The ancestor of the Western oboe was another reed instrument called the 'shalmey' or 'shawm', which had finger-holes but no keys.
The purchase was referred to the Home Office when local landowners complained about the sale of land to Germans.
The Home Office supported the Bruderhof, but following further harrasment the community decided to move to Parguay(Italian) or obligato, Obligat (German), obligé (French), literally 'necessary', 'indispensible', 'bound' (obligated) or 'obligated', although sometimes used to mean the reverse which should be marked ad libitum, i.e.Those built on roots C, Eb, F# and A are identical, those built on roots D, F, Ab, B are identical, as are those built on roots Db, E, G and Bb[information corrected by Nuno André Novo](Latin, octavus, literally 'eighth') sometimes abbreviated to 8ve.To modern ears, two notes an octave apart seem to be 'at the same pitch'.The name oberek is derived from the Polish verb 'to spin'.The dance's main movement is rotational: the dancers spin and twirl around the room. falcata (Southern Red Oak): Average Weight: ranges from 46 to 52 pounds per cubic foot) Oak is probably the most common period wood and was used for most applications.